Amestris a niece of Darius is said several times about messages. She try hitched in order to men called Craterus however, is in the near future quit by him and you can after this lady splitting up are remarried to Dionysius, a neighbor hood ruler. They introduced about three students and you may shortly after this lady husbands’ dying from inside the 306 BC she acted just like the regent. She reigned due to the fact king for some time but are finally murdered by the the lady sons. We do not have much factual statements about the marriage ceremonies. The only real head account is Alexander’s relationship in the Susa toward Iranian little princess Stateira a daughter of your defeated king Darius III. As outlined by the fresh new Greek historians the wedding was achieved from inside the Persian society. “The fresh new bride-to-be entered the area and you will sat near the bridegroom. The guy took this lady give and you will kissed her or him. Both consumed about exact same loaf off money sliced in the two-fold from the a blade and consumed certain wines. Adopting the ceremony the woman spouse got the fresh bride-to-be family”.
The newest agreements was basically closed facing multiple witnesses who have been along with titled regarding arrangements
Modern-day present inside the Babylonia or other regions lower than Achaemenid missing particular white towards legal region of the matrimony alliances of typical partners. I have no evidence that the means revealed throughout these data would-be same as those who work in Persia however similarities lived and you will all the details was discussing. Forty-five such as for instance relationships deals is actually discovered have a peek here when you look at the Babylonia. The latest deals will always be between the spouse and members of new bride’s members of the family. It start out with the fresh new husband’s vow to-be because of the girl in-marriage and merchandise is presented to the fresh bride and you can the woman household members.
If the partner decides to get another spouse he is to offer the first spouse a designated sum of money, and you will she get come back to the lady household. The latest ladies’ dowry could be residential property, family devices, jewelry, money and you will submissives. Regarding wife’s adultery the fresh new abuse might be passing.
Almost every other data in the Babylonia (also Elam and Egypt) reveal that lady owned features, which they you will sell otherwise rent. Pursuing the death of the woman husband, the brand new widowed girlfriend passed on throughout the deceased regardless of if she performed n’t have people. A lady couldn’t act as an observe regarding drawing upwards regarding contracts, but she you will try to be an employing cluster while having the woman own seal. If the there have been people off a couple spouses, the kids of your first spouse passed down two thirds and also the someone else 1 / 3 only. That isn’t clear what would function as instance if a great kid got more than a couple of wives. If a lady passed away childless, the newest dowry is gone back to our home out-of her dad.
The family had been monogamous but below particular criteria husbands you certainly will get married other spouses and you will have been allowed intercourse which have submissives and family servants ( a familiar habit in the area)
There were attempts by Darius to codify the legal system but no standard set of laws is discovered. The conquered territories used their own legal system with little interference from the central administration. For example Jewish colonies in Elephantine in Egypt followed their own legal code. Husbands remained monogamous and all property and family matters were settled in the special courts of the Jews. Of all the territories under Achaemenid administration Egyptian women enjoyed more rights and privileges. A husband did not have the right to pawn her wife as security for debts. This practice existed in various forms in Babylonia and even Sassanian Persia. Wives retained their own property in marriage and after divorce. They also had the right to transfer their property to their children as inheritance and could initiate divorce. If the husband initiated divorce he had to apportion a part of the property to his wife. If the woman asked for a divorce she had to return the money she had received from her husband as bride price and could not lay claim upon property acquired jointly with the husband. Sons and daughters inherited equal portions. However fathers’ power over children was substantial and he could pawn them as security for debt.